vi medicine informatics

Medical Biostatistics 1


Mode is not sensitive to outliers –> measures only the most frequent observed value

Central Tendency

Dispersion Measures

  1. Standard Deviation
  2. Variance
  3. Standard Error of the Mean
  4. Z-score
  5. Confidence interval


How dispersed is the data set? Two datasets can have the same mean, median, mode but can be different in how much they are spread out (far away from the mean).

  1. first get difference between each data point and mean
  2. Squared of the sum (remove neg signs)
  3. Sum of those difference


It is Sd squared.

Standard Error of the mean

How precisely you know the true population mean. How close we are to the true mean. The higher sample number, the less SEM (closer to true mean)


Equal to the number of Sdeviations you are away fromt he mean

  1. 0 == mean
  2. +1 == 1sd > mean
  3. -1 == 1sd < mean

Confidence intervals

CIs are for estimating population mean from a sample dataset (which is a subset of the population and not the entire population)

Confidece Intervals vs Standard deviation

Sd is for a given dataset and reflects the mean range within that sample

where as

CI does not describe the sample, it is an inferred value of where the true mean of the population might lie.

tags: biostatistics - formulae